EN   DE   TLH  

Another message from Maltz...

Subject:Re: SelDon
From:Marc Okrand <okrand@*****.***>
Date:Fri Jul 21 09:37:14 2017
To:Klingonischkurs Saarbrücken

As for {-be'} and {-Qo'} and imperatives, your interpretation is correct.

The rule says {-Qo'} "is used in imperatives" and that {-Qo'} is "the imperative counterpart to {-be'}." It's probably not explained in TKD as clearly as it should be. The rule isn't that {-be'} can't appear anywhere in an imperative construction; it's that {-be'} can't be used to mean "don't!" – use {-Qo'} for that.

In other words, {-Qo'} is used (and {-be'} is not) for a negative command when the meaning of the command is "don't do X!" If X contains a {-be'}, but the command is to not do X, you still need {-Qo'}at the end (if you're saying "don't do X!" and not "do not-X!" or "do un-X!").

So, to use your example:

{choleghbe'moH} means "you cause me to not see." If you wanted make this a command ("Cause me to not see!"), it would be {HIleghbe'moH}. That's fine. I'm telling you to do something ("cause me to not see") not to not do something. It doesn't violate the rule about using {-Qo'} instead of {-be'} because it's not a negative command. The corresponding negative command would be {HIleghbe'moHQo'} "Don't cause me to not see!"

When {-Qo'} is used in a non-imperative, it's straightforward: {choleghbe'moHQo'} "you refuse to cause me to not see."


 – Marc
NOTE: This message is displayed exactly as it has been received. No formatting has been added or removed, typos have not been corrected. Personal greetings have been deleted.